The history of the Gurkha Contingent is intrinsically linked to the formative years of Singapore when it was called upon many times to help restore law and order on the streets. Throughout this period the unit repeatedly demonstrated its reputation as an effective impartial force characterised by its total discipline and loyalty.
The Gurkha Contingent was formed on 9 April 1949 in order to provide a "strong-arm" within the Police Force capable of quelling civil disturbance and carrying out specialist security tasks. This role expanded to include VIP protection and initially included patrols into Peninsula Malaya to pursue the communist terrorists who were active there at that time. The original camp was on Duxton Plain, near the City Centre but the unit subsequently relocated to its current cantonment at Mount Vernon.
In 1978 the unit was reorganised briefly to form the Prison Gurkha Unit (PGU) but this was reversed and the Gurkha Contingent as it is known today was reformed on 1 April 1981 and its terms and conditions of service, operational roles and training were standardised. The unit continued to perform prison duties until a decision was made in 2006 to fulfil Police security duties only.
The majority of the unit’s police officers are Gurkhas recruited from a small number of hill tribes in Nepal . These Gurkhas possess the qualities best suited to service in the Contingent, specifically: physical and mental robustness, resourcefulness and an uncomplaining dependability.
Today, the Gurkha Contingent carries out many diverse roles for the Singapore Police Force. These roles are still very much related to the security tasks for which GC was originally formed.
As the impartial strategic reserve of the SPF, the mission of the Gurkha Contingent is to react rapidly and decisively in support of SPF operations.
As a world-class security unit, tough, vigilant, and steadfast, fully trained and manned, and employing the traditional Gurkha to the best of his natural abilities, the Gurkha Contingent is to achieve operational success across the spectrum of para-military operations to help safeguard Singapore.